Applications of Natural Gas
Compressed natural gas (CNG) is a technology, giving the possibility to realize deliveries of natural gas to all customers, located outside the gas distribution networks of the monopolists and their network, allowing these customers to take advantage of natural gas with competitive prices and no conditions, imposed by the network operators. Natural gas provides high levels of comfort when used for heating offices, kindergartens, schools and hospitals. Natural gas is convenient and easy to use. It can assure the necessary quantities of hot water and heating. Natural gas is also used for preparing tasty meals. The substitution of petroleum products with natural gas leads to palpable reduction of the contamination and guarantees cleaner and healthier environment. Natural gas is the right choice for those who watch the spending of their resources and those who would like to breathe cleaner air. The realized savings without compromising the efficacy, means more free monetary resource, which could be invested in the production – for purchasing new machinery or for additional training of the employees. The advantages are already realized by many companies in different sectors of the economy, such as dairy farms, grain-drying factories, factories for drying tobacco, tailoring establishments, printing house, foundries, factories for creating metal products, construction companies (asphalt bases), mining industry and many more. Natural gas is a secure source of energy. Security while using natural gas is guaranteed by the strict following of all safety norms in the Republic of Bulgaria. Natural gas allows strict control of the used amount of energy. With the control equipment, at any moment you know the exact quantity of gas that was consumed. This way you pay only for the really used quantity of natural gas.
Areas of application
M-Gas EOOD delivers compressed natural gas to companies from a wide spectrum of the economy. M-Gas has developed long-term partnerships with industrial companies from the mining sector of Bulgaria. M-Gas partners with industrial companies from the food sector like grain dryers, fodder plants, milk processing and meat processing plants. We are partners with large road construction companies, owning asphalt bases, that realize the maintenance and building of the modern road infrastructure of the Republic of Bulgaria. M-Gas delivers compressed natural gas to a large number of hospitals, schools and kindergartens, allowing them to realize savings from monetary resource and allowing high level of comfort in those social establishments. M-Gas supplies with CNG also heavy-freight vehicles for large number of transportation companies, which deliver goods and cargo in the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria and its neighboring countries Romania, Greece and Serbia.
Advantages of CNG
The natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons, methane CH4, ethane C2H6 and insignificant part of hevier hydrocarbons – penthane C5H16, hexthane C7H16 and others. The natural gas is a primary energy source – it is extracted from the earth in contrast with propane-butane, which is obtained by the oil refining. The natural gas is lighter than air. The temperature of self-ignition is 537 degrees Celsius at atmospheric conditions. The combustion heat of natural gas is 7000-9300 kilocalories per cubic meter. The natural gas is an ecologically clean fuel and has the lowest price among other sources of energy.
Natural gas is an alternative fuel and its use is encouraged by the European Union. The natural gas finds wider applications as a primary fuel for motor transport vehicles with internal combustion engine. From all hydrocarbon gases, natural gas has the most hydrogen in per one carbon atom, which is why it has a high temperature when burning, a fuller burning process and a lower content of toxic materials. The natural gas releases the most heat while burning, which leads to an improved combustion economy of engines and thermal efficiency of useful activity. Considering equal aggregate state of the air and the natural gas, the mixture formation between them is many times better and the burning is fuller. The usage of natural gas allows the toxic substances, soot and the smoke from the exhaust gases to be reduced 4 times. The natural gas is the most ecologically clean fuel for machines with internal combustion after hydrogen. To have enough reserve fuel for the engine, the natural gas has to be “prepared” in advance. The ways to do that are the following two:
- Thickening (compressing) to high pressure 20 МРА
- Liquefying of natural gas through cooling to -162 degrees С
The combination of high pressure and minus temperatures leads to optimizing the process of transporting the natural gas. At -40 degrees Celsius and pressure of 250 bars, the most amount of natural gas could be transported.
The policy of environment protection of M-Gas is in accordance with the strategy of the Republic of Bulgaria in the area of protecting the environment and the ecological safety. The execution of the ecology policy of M-Gas allows constant improvement of the state of the environment. The purpose of the ecology policies of M-Gas is to improve the air quality in the populated areas of the country through increasing the usage of natural gas in transport and in production plants. M-Gas utilizes current technologies that spare negative effects on the environment. M-Gas ensures the following of the European and Bulgarian legislation, connected to the protection of the environment. The main aspects of the ecology policy of M-Gas are: